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Marjojen terveysvaikutukset - Lähteet

* In vitro / Nonkliiniset tutkimukset marjoista ja niiden ainesosista:
KähkönenM. et al. 1999. Antioxidant activity of plant extracts containig phenolic compounds. J. Agric. Food Chem. 47: 3954-3962.
Puupponen-Pimiä R. et al.2001. Antimicrobial properties of phenolic compounds from berries. J. Appl. Microbiol. 90: 494-507.
Kähkönen M. et al. 2003. Berry anthocyanins: isolation and antioxidant activities. J. Agric. Food Chem. 83:1403-1411.
Nohynek L. J. et al. 2006. Berry phenolics: antimicrobial properties and mechanisms of action against severe human pathogens. Nutr. Cancer 54: 18-32.
Misikangas M. et al 2007. Three nordic berries inhibit intestinal tumorigenesis in multiple intestinal neoplasia/+ mice by modulating beta-catenin signaling in the tumor and transcription in the mucosa. J. Nutr. 137: 2285-2290.
Kähkönen M. et al. 2012. Antioxidant activity of isolated ellagitannins from red raspberries and cloudberries. J. Agric. Food. Chem. 60: 1167-1674
Stoner G. D. and Seeram N. P. 2011. Berries and Cancer Prevention. A book, 303 p. Springer, New York.
Zhang H.-M. 2014. Research progress on the anticarsinogenic actions and mechanisms of ellagic acid. Cancer Biol. Med. 11:92-100.
Jiang F. et al. 2017. Flavonoids from sea buckthorn inhibit the lipopolysaccharide induced inflammatory response in RAW264.7 macrophages through the MAPK and NF-kB pathways. Food Funct. 22:1313-1322.
Päivärinta E. et al. 2017. Changes in intestinal, gut microbiota, and expression of energy metabolism-related genes explain adenoma growth in bilberry and cloudberry-fed ApcMin Mice. Nutr. Res. 36: 1285-1297.
Päivärinta E. 2017. Cloudberry (
Rubus chamaemorus) and its components as chemopreventive constitents in ApcMin mice and human colon adenocarcinoma cells. Academic Dissertation, 82 p. Dissertationes Schola Doctoralis Scientiae Circumiectalis, Alimentariae, Biologicae.
** Kliiniset tutkimukset marjoista:
Marniemi et al. 2000. Partial resistance of low density lipoprotein to oxidation in vivo after increased intake of berries.Nutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis. 10, 331-337.
Erlund I.
et.al. 2008. Favourable effects of berry consumption on platelet function, blood pressure and HDL chlolesterol. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 87, 323-331.
Lehtonen H.-M. et al. 2010. Berry meals and risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. Eur. J. Clin Nutr. 64, 614-621.
Krikorian R. et al. 2010. Blueberry supplementation improves memory in older adults. J.Agric. Food Chem. 58: 3996-4000.
Linnamaa P.
et.al. 2010. Blackcurrant seed oil for prevention of atopic dermatitis in newborns: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Clin Exp. Allergy. 40, 1247-1255.
Kolehmainen M
et.al. 2012. Bilberries reduce low-grade inflammation in individuals with features of metabolic syndrome. Mol.Nutr. Food Res. DOI 10.1002/mnfr.201200195.
Kamiya K.
et.al. 2013. Effect of fermented billberry extracts on visual outcomes in eyes with myopia: a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study. J.Ocul.Pharmacol. Ther. 29, 356-359.
Törrönen R.
et.al.2013. Postprandial glycaemic response to berry nectars containing inverted sucrose. J.Nutr.Sci. 6, 1-7.
Törrönen R.
et.al. 2017. Berries Reduce Postbrandial Insulin Responses to Wheat and Rye Breads in Healthy Women. J.Nutr.Sci. 143, 430-436.
Overall J.
et.al. 2017. Metabolic Effects of Berries with Structurally Diverse Anthocyanins. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, 422. DOI: 10.3390/ljms 18020422.
Ledda A.
et.al. 2017. Highly standardized cranberry extract supplementation (Anthocran®) as prophylaxis in young healthy subjects with recurrent urinary tract infections. Eur. Rev. Med. Pharmacol. Sci. 21, 389-393.*** Marjojen polyfenoliset yhdisteet:
Häkkinen S. et al. 1999. Content of the Flavonols Quercetin, Myricetin, and Kaempferol in 25 edible Berries. J. Agric. Food Chem. 47, 2274-2279.
Häkkinen S. 2000. Flavonols and Phenolic Acids in Berries and Berry Products. Doctoral Thesis. Kuopio University Publications. D, Medical Sciences, no 221.
Määttä-Riihinen K. R. et al.2004 Distribution and contents of phenolic compounds in eighteen Scandinavian berry species. J. Agric. Food Chem. 52: 4477-4486
Mattila P.
et.al. 2006. Phenolic acids in berries, fruits and beverages. J.Agric. Food Chem. 52, 4477-4486.
Koponen J.
et.al. 2007. Contents of Anthocyanins and ellagitannins in foods consumed in Finland. J. Agric. Food Chem. 55, 1612-1619.
Ovaskainen M.-L. et al. 2008. Dietary intake and major food sources of polyphenols in Finnish adults. J.Nutr. 138, 562-566.
Hellström J.
et.al. 2009. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin. J.Agric. Food Chem. 57, 7899-7906.
Garcia-Cordero J. et al. 2022 Neurocognitive Effects of Cocoa and Red-Berries Consumption in Healthy Adults. Nutrients 14, 1.