The bilberry contains vitamins C and E, and it is also a good source of dietary fibre. The trump of nature’s bilberry, however, is its anthocyanin compound content which is four times as high as that of the highbush blueberry. The blue pulp of nature’s bilberry is full of anthocyanins giving it a natural blue color, whereas the highbush blueberry is pale in color on the inside.
The lingonberry contains vitamin E, and it also has a great deal of manganese in particular. The lingonberry’s resveratrol content is similar to that of the black grape which is the raw ingredient of red wine. This berry is a good source of fibre, and it contains polyphenols with health effects that are being studied extensively.
Cranberries thrive all over Finland in oligotrophic fens and sloughs as well as in coastal bogs. By comparison with the lingonberry, the cranberry contains up to two times as much vitamin C. This berry with its brisk and sprightly flavour is also a good source of antioxidants and fibre.
The sea-buckthorn contains plenty of vitamins C and E, dietary fibres and fatty acids that are beneficial to the body. From scarcely 1 dl of berries, you get as much vitamin C as you would from an orange of average size. About 4–7 % of this berry’s weight comprises berry pulp and seed oil consisting mainly of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
The raspberry contains vitamin C and folate. There is as much vitamin C in 2 dl of raspberries as there is in one mandarin. This berry is also a good source of dietary fibre. The raspberry contains polyphenols and ellagic tannins that are typical for aggregates of drupelets.
The berries, seed oil and also the leaves of the blackcurrant contain plenty of vitamins C and A. Compared with an orange, the blackcurrant contains more vitamin C. Blackcurrant oil also contains plenty of good fatty acids.
The strawberry has plenty of flavonoids. It has more vitamin C than an orange does and as much fibre as a carrot does.
The Arctic Flavours Association is a nation-wide association for Non-Wood Forest Products, specialising in wild berries, mushrooms, herbs and special forest products. The aims of the Association are to promote the gathering, processing and use of natural products as well as to improve their quality.